On January 19, the European Parliament adopted a resolution urging the EU, in close cooperation with Ukraine and the international community, to push for the creation of the Special International Tribunal to prosecute Russia’s political and military leadership and its allies for the crime of aggression against Ukraine.
Parliament says the atrocities committed by Russian forces in Bucha, Irpin and many other Ukrainian towns reveal the brutality of the war and underscore the importance of coordinated international action to bring those accountable to justice under international law.
Establishing a tribunal would, MEPs argue, fill a vacuum in international criminal justice and complement the investigative efforts of the International Criminal Court, as it currently cannot investigate the crime of aggression when it comes to Ukraine.
MEPs stress that the tribunal must have jurisdiction to investigate not only Vladimir Putin and the political and military leadership of Russia, but also Aliaksandr Lukashenka and his cronies in Belarus.
They also emphasise that EU preparatory work on the special tribunal should begin immediately and focus on building the arrangements for the court in cooperation with Ukraine. Ukrainian and international authorities must be supported in securing evidence to be used in the future.
Parliament strongly believes that the establishment of a special tribunal would send a very clear signal to both Russian society and the international community that Putin and the Russian leadership at large can be convicted for the crime of aggression in Ukraine. MEPs point out that it is no longer feasible for the Russian Federation under Putin’s leadership to return to business as usual with the west.
The text was adopted by 472 votes in favour, 19 against with 33 abstentions.
The Ukrainian Bar Association actively supports the idea of establishing the Special International Tribunal for the crime of aggression against Ukraine.